Pim de Klerk Palynology

In search of finiteness:
the limits of fine-resolution palynology of Sphagnum peat

 

High-resolution analysis of ombrogenous peats often reveals pollen frequencies that change markedly from one sample to the next, indicating limited post-depositional mixing. This raises the question whether – with sufficiently thin samples - seasonal differences in pollen deposition can be observed. Seasonal resolution in peat would provide a dating technique with an accuracy similar to that of other, annually banded archives. To study the limits of temporal resolution, contiguous 0.5 mm thick slices of slightly humified Sphagnum section Cuspidata peat were palynologically analysed.

 

fine-res-fig4

Pollen percentage values (including exote) of core LPO (Liesselse Peel, SE Netherlands), calculated rtelative to a tree pollen sum excluding BETULA and SALIX (selected types only). Sample resolution: 0.5 mm.

Rapidly accumulated Sphagnum section Cuspidata peats do not show a seasonal pollen signal, probably as a result of mixing of pollen grains due to small scaled vertical water movements and to the horizontal accumulation mode of these species. The latter process may, however, also be the cause that a smoothed annual signal can be observed. Because of the absence of seasonal differentiation, the palynological distinction of annual peat layers is unfeasible.

 

Publication:

Joosten, H. & de Klerk, P. (2007): In search of finiteness: the limits of fine resolution palynology of Sphagnum peat. The Holocene 17: 1023-1031.

 

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